Carissa Miller head shot

Dr. Carissa Moffat Miller is the Chief Executive Officer of the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO), where she works with state education chiefs to ensure all students have the opportunity to graduate from high school prepared for college, careers and life. With a deep understanding of education policy at the state and national levels, Carissa leads CCSSO’s efforts to help states deliver equitable education opportunities to every student.

Carissa, a first-generation college graduate, was named head of CCSSO in 2018, becoming the first woman to lead in its 90-year history.

Prior to joining CCSSO, Carissa served as a deputy superintendent at the Idaho State Department of Education and led the implementation of statewide online testing for the Idaho State Board of Education. Carissa holds a Ph.D. in education from the University of Idaho, a master’s degree in sociology from the University of Wyoming, and a bachelor’s degree in journalism from the University of Nebraska-Lincoln.


steveSteve Bowen joined CCSSO in 2013 and is serving as the Deputy Executive Director, State Leadership. In his role, he directs the activities of the membership services, leadership academy, advocacy, communications, data and information services, and the Collaboratives teams. Steve oversees the development, support, and implementation of programs and services designed to support our primary member groups (chiefs, deputies, federal liaisons, communications directors and public information officers) and ensures all membership events and services are aligned with state priorities.

Prior to becoming Deputy Executive Director, Steve served as a senior advisor for CCSSO, working directly with chiefs and their senior staffs, in collaboration with the Leadership Academy and other Council teams, to improve the performance and effectiveness of their state agencies. Steve also previously served as the Strategic Initiative Director for Innovation, where he worked to support states as they advanced promising innovations to improve student outcomes, aligned data and information systems to ensure educators and school leaders had the tools necessary to better meet the needs of students, and worked to improve state agency and state leadership capacity and capabilities. Steve is also a former state chief, having served as the Commissioner of Education in Maine from 2011 to 2013.

Steve holds a bachelor’s degree in political science from Drew University and a master’s degree in secondary education from George Mason University.


Scott Norton head shotScott Norton is the Deputy Executive Director of Programs. In his role, he directs and oversees the development and execution of our programmatic areas. Scott works to make sure all programs are designed to ensure strategic planning goals are met, core values are reinforced, and programmatic activities help to maximize organizational impact. Additionally, he oversees staff that supports programmatic connections to budgets/contracts, innovation, and activities related to the Every Student Succeeds Act (ESSA). Prior to joining our team, Scott was the assistant superintendent in the Office of Standards, Assessments, and Accountability for the Louisiana Department of Education.

Scott holds a bachelor’s degree in education from Tennessee Technological University, a master’s degree in education administration, a master’s degree of public administration and a doctoral degree in educational administration and supervision from Louisiana State University.


Bruce ButerbaughBruce Buterbaugh is CCSSO's Chief Financial Officer.  In his role, he is responsible
for directing the financial and accounting activities of the Council and establishing fiscal policies and procedures.  He also ensures that the finance staff maintain the financial record systems in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, and monitors the use of all funds.

Prior to joining the Council in 1988, Bruce was the Audit Manager for the certified public accounting firm of Ben A. Kendall, CPA.

Bruce holds a bachelor’s degree in business administration from Shippensburg University and is a certified public accountant. 


Annie Holmes HeadshotAnnie Holmes is CCSSO’s Chief Equity Officer tasked with leading the Council's internal efforts to achieve its goal of becoming a more diverse, equitable and inclusive organization and supporting chiefs to deliver on each of our ten equity commitments.

In her role, she is responsible for advancing our commitment to equity by supporting chiefs and senior state education agency staff through thought partnership, overseeing CCSSO’s diversity equity and inclusion (DEI) work, and anchoring equity across all CCSSO programs.

Prior to joining CCSSO, Annie led the equity and diversity initiatives at multiple institutions of higher education. While at Penn State, she advised and consulted with campus chancellors, deans and other academic leaders across a decentralized matrixed institution toward engaging an inclusive workplace and learning environment. During her time at California Polytechnic Institute, she established the Office of University Diversity and Inclusion and collaborated with other institutional leaders to change policies and procedures that enhanced the recruitment of underrepresented faculty and students. Annie also led a cross-functional team at Opportunity Finance Network toward enhancing the organizational culture and established a national equity and inclusion plan for the community development finance industry.  Annie received her bachelor’s degree in elementary education from Temple University and two masters’ degrees from The Pennsylvania State University. She is currently completing her doctoral work in adult education and lifelong learning from The Pennsylvania State University. 

Melissa headshot


Melissa McGrath is CCSSO’s Chief of Staff and oversees the Council’s Communications, Advocacy and Executive Office. As Chief of Staff, Melissa is tasked with keeping her pulse on key work across the organization, advising the Executive Director and senior leadership on critical changes in the education policy landscape, and proactively identifying opportunities to advance CCSSO’s reach, both internally and externally. 

Melissa joined CCSSO in 2014 and previously served as the Director of Communications where she was responsible for developing and executing the Council's strategic communications. In that role, she also worked communications directors in each state education agency to provide resources and support to them as they communicated throughout their states about education priorities. Prior to joining the organization, she spent more than seven years as the Communications Director for the Idaho State Department of Education. Melissa holds bachelor’s degrees in Journalism and Government and Politics from the University of Maryland.